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Filipino Cuisine

Ilocano Cuisine | The Crispy, Hearty & Naughty

Ilocano cuisine always has something to make any foodie burp — from the hearty & healthy, to the crispy & naughty. And whether original to Ilocos or a version of our favourite food from somewhere else, eating your way around here is surely a delightful travel experience.

ilocano cuisine

Ilocos may be a wonderland of heritage sites, coastal attractions & exquisite handicrafts but it is always their food that lingers in our travel memories the most. Whenever I travel here, I just keep a shameless note to self: stay on diet, until the next meal is served!

Ilocano Cuisine: A Delicious Reason to Travel North

vigan ice cream

Ilocos is recognized for its strong culinary traditions across our islands-sprawling nation. It is a salt-happy & porcine-dominated regional cuisine, so adored for its flavourful dishes.

They have unwavering loyalty for its sukang Iloko (Ilocano sugarcane vinegar), bagoong (fish or shrimp paste), garlic & crunchy finish to meats. From naughty-sounding vegetable names to artery-clogging meat dishes, they always find ways to turn the simplest of an ingredient into something exciting.

Get your tummies ready because no one goes hungry in Ilocandia. Here are some of the unforgettable & happy Iloco-loco dishes!

Oh So Fat, Baby!

ilocos longganisa

Longganisa is one of Ilocos’ most defining dishes. This salty & garlicky sausage of ground pork fat stuffed in pork intestine wrap is the star on any Ilocano breakfast table. Yes, the secret to its fat-oozing longganisa is in its marinade.

Actually, it is a duel between the biting sourness of vinegar & the strong spicy flavour of garlic that makes you hail a hand for another cup of rice. In fact, if you want to spot in the crowd who just had a longganisa, wait until someone burps!


Then there’s the king of all lechon kawali, lechon carajay, prichon & crispy liempo, the Ilocano bagnet! These are slabs of pork belly deep-fried in lard or literally in its own fat. It is air-dried a few times over to drain the oil & to bring it to its maximum crispiness. Before serving, the slabs take its final plunge in the frying pan until it becomes the artery-snagging masterpiece masked in crunchy golden nuggets.

Tip: Check out the bagnet in Narvacan for some real-crunchy treat.


Dinakdakan or Warek-Warek is a “killing me softly” dish made of motley of pig parts (usually the mascara) & brain. The meat is boiled, cooked in vinegar & seasoned with lots of onion & garlic. If you don’t mind your uric acid level, this one makes a really good beer partner.

Tip: In Vigan, look for Gaizel, a hole-in-the-wall popular among locals.

Ready for a roadtrip? Find hotels in the links below:
Ilocos Norte / Ilocos Sur

ilocos empanada

The Ilocano empanada may just seem to look like a harmless fried turnover stuffed with grated green papaya, monggo sprouts, longganisa & egg. But wait ‘til you see how the rice dough soaks in all the oil. Never mind, it’s yummy anyway!

Tip: Best empanadas can be scored in Laoag’s Empanadaan & Johnny Moon, along Plaza Burgos in Vigan & beside the River Plaza in Batac.


Dinardaraan is the Ilocano variation of “dinuguan” or pork blood stew. What makes the Ilocano version exciting is the use of crunchy bagnet in a stew of coagulated blood. This pudding runs on the dry side compared to the gravy-ish preparations in other regions.

Tip: Delicious dinardaraan are in Saramsam Restaurant in Laoag & Dawang’s Place in San Nicolas. Wanna know how to cook this at home? Check out Ang Sarap Recipes.


If Jollibee is to Manila’s every street corner, in Ilocos are its Sinanglaoan joints. This clear soup with wallowing chunks of innards is popular for breakfast or as hangover cure. It has a special biting flavor from the mixture of vinegar, ginger & red chilies.

Tip: Halftime Sinanglaoan in Vigan & those roadside shacks in Bacarra are popular spots for sinanglao & other stars of Ilocano cuisine.

Ilocano Cuisine’s Titillating Vegies

string beans

Enough of the cardiac scare, let’s move on to the healthy side.

I have never blushed on vegetables not until I came across this slew of Ilocano vegetable names that are coincidentally naughty in street slang Tagalog. Well, it is what it is, nothing malicious. But yeah, let’s giggle!

poqui poqui

Poqui-poqui / Poki-poki (pussy) is a simple sauteed eggplant. Just grilled, seasoned & tossed with onions, bell pepper, egg & rest is magic. Usually served for breakfast but real good anytime of the day.


Utong (nipples) are just your humble string beans. They are usually best in that undying adobo finish. Or mixed with other vegies in pinakbet or inabraw.


Kabatiti (titi = dick) is your delicious patola or sponge gourd. I love kabatiti in misua soup or sauteed patola & sayote with bits of dried fish. How about you?


Pinakbet is the Ilocano’s to-die-for mélange of vegetables stewed & shriveled with shrimp paste. Indeed, Ampalaya or bitter gourd is the star of this dish. But if you put in the rest of the gang like the poqui-poqui, utong & kabatiti, what you get is a savoury orgy of vegetables.

inabraw dinengdeng

Bulanglang to the Tagalogs, bas-uy/law-uy to the Bisayas & dinengdeng or inabraw to the Ilocanos. This soup dish throws in all sorts of vegetables, its young leaves, fruit or flower. Then, boiled with fish sauce to add flavour or sometimes with tucmem or clams & shredded left over fish.

Tip: Sample this at Saramsam in Laoag or at Kusina Felicitas in Vigan’s Grandpa’s Inn

Only in Vigan


Unknown to many, Vigan has a distinct food called pipian. It is porridge of ground rice & chicken similar to Arrozcaldo. However, what makes it unique is the use of atchuete & pasotes in its stock.

Pasotes or epazote is an herb originating from southern Mexico. It probably came to the Philippines via the Galleon Trade, which Vigan was once an important link in the 16th century. Interestingly, this age-old dish has not traveled outside of Vigan.

Ilocos & the World

pinakbet pizza

Ilocano cuisine is also a progressive cuisine, where the traditional ways meet new-age techniques & interpretations without losing the integrity of its food customs. Then there are restaurants that bring in inspirations from the world’s best kitchens & create a fusion with Ilocano favorites.

Take Saramsam Ylocano by Sammy Blas, Herencia Cafe & La Preciosa, blending the flavours of the amianan (north) region with western food & dishing out pinakbet pizza, shrimp paste pasta & dinardaraan empanada among others.


Do you know of best spots to sample Ilocano food?
Share it on the comment box below.





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    Comments ( 4 )

  • Ross Galán

    It makes sense to call the veg, “Kaba-titi” owing to its shape – an enormous human male reproductive organ. It can’t be called ‘Kaba-kiki’ for this would be far away from what it is like. Anyway, “Sponge Gourd” is a perfect dish fo any occasion, be it a formal or informal gathering. The drawback is that this veg. is too pricey here in Europe that you have to substitue it for something cheaper.

    • Potpot

      Hi Ross! Yeah, I agree with you. Hahahaha! Phallic as it may seem but our ancestors truly were imaginative to call it such.

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